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TMPNAM(3)		   Linux Programmer's Manual		     TMPNAM(3)

NAME

tmpnam, tmpnam_r - create a name for a temporary file

SYNOPSIS

#include <stdio.h> char *tmpnam(char *s);

DESCRIPTION

The tmpnam() function returns a pointer to a string that is a valid filename, and such that a file with this name did not exist at some point in time, so that naive programmers may think it a suitable name for a temporary file. If the argument s is NULL this name is generated in an internal static buffer and may be overwritten by the next call to tmpnam(). If s is not NULL, the name is copied to the character array (of length at least L_tmpnam) pointed to by s and the value s is returned in case of success. The pathname that is created, has a directory prefix P_tmpdir. (Both L_tmpnam and P_tmpdir are defined in <stdio.h>, just like the TMP_MAX mentioned below.)

RETURN VALUE

The tmpnam() function returns a pointer to a unique temporary filename, or NULL if a unique name cannot be generated.

ERRORS

No errors are defined.

NOTES

The tmpnam() function generates a different string each time it is called, up to TMP_MAX times. If it is called more than TMP_MAX times, the behaviour is implementation defined. Although tmpnam(3) generates names that are difficult to guess, it is nevertheless possible that between the time that tmpnam(3) returns a pathname, and the time that the program opens it, another program might create that pathname using open(2), or create it as a symbolic link. This can lead to security holes. To avoid such possibilities, use the open(2) O_EXCL flag to open the pathname. Or better yet, use mkstemp(3) or tmpfile(3). Portable applications that use threads cannot call tmpnam() with NULL parameter if either _POSIX_THREADS or _POSIX_THREAD_SAFE_FUNCTIONS is defined. A POSIX draft proposed to use a function tmpnam_r() defined by char *tmpnam_r(char *s) { return s ? tmpnam(s) : NULL; } apparently as a warning not to use NULL. A few systems implement it. To get a glibc prototype for this function, define _SVID_SOURCE or _BSD_SOURCE before including <stdio.h>.

BUGS

Never use this function. Use mkstemp(3) or tmpfile(3) instead.

CONFORMING TO

SVr4, 4.3BSD, C89, C99, POSIX.1-2001.

SEE ALSO

mkstemp(3), mktemp(3), tempnam(3), tmpfile(3) 2003-11-15 TMPNAM(3)

1994 Man-cgi 1.15, Panagiotis Christias <christia@theseas.ntua.gr>