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SOCKETPAIR(2)		   Linux Programmer's Manual		 SOCKETPAIR(2)


socketpair - create a pair of connected sockets


#include <sys/types.h> #include <sys/socket.h> int socketpair(int d, int type, int protocol, int sv[2]);


The socketpair() call creates an unnamed pair of connected sockets in the specified domain d, of the specified type, and using the optionally specified protocol. The descriptors used in referencing the new sock- ets are returned in sv[0] and sv[1]. The two sockets are indistin- guishable.


On success, zero is returned. On error, -1 is returned, and errno is set appropriately.


EAFNOSUPPORT The specified address family is not supported on this machine. EFAULT The address sv does not specify a valid part of the process address space. EMFILE Too many descriptors are in use by this process. ENFILE The system limit on the total number of open files has been reached. EOPNOTSUPP The specified protocol does not support creation of socket pairs. EPROTONOSUPPORT The specified protocol is not supported on this machine.


4.4BSD, POSIX.1-2001. The socketpair() function call appeared in 4.2BSD. It is generally portable to/from non-BSD systems supporting clones of the BSD socket layer (including System V variants).


On Linux, the only supported domain for this call is AF_UNIX (or syn- onymously, AF_LOCAL). (Most implementations have the same restric- tion.)


pipe(2), read(2), socket(2), write(2), unix(7) Linux 2.6.7 2004-06-17 SOCKETPAIR(2)

1994 Man-cgi 1.15, Panagiotis Christias <>