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SIGWAIT(P) POSIX Programmer's Manual SIGWAIT(P)
This manual page is part of the POSIX Programmer's Manual. The Linux
implementation of this interface may differ (consult the corresponding
Linux manual page for details of Linux behavior), or the interface may
not be implemented on Linux.
sigwait - wait for queued signals
int sigwait(const sigset_t *restrict set, int *restrict sig);
The sigwait() function shall select a pending signal from set, atomi-
cally clear it from the system's set of pending signals, and return
that signal number in the location referenced by sig. If prior to the
call to sigwait() there are multiple pending instances of a single sig-
nal number, it is implementation-defined whether upon successful return
there are any remaining pending signals for that signal number. If
the implementation supports queued signals and there are multiple sig-
nals queued for the signal number selected, the first such queued sig-
nal shall cause a return from sigwait() and the remainder shall remain
queued. If no signal in set is pending at the time of the call, the
thread shall be suspended until one or more becomes pending. The sig-
nals defined by set shall have been blocked at the time of the call to
sigwait(); otherwise, the behavior is undefined. The effect of sig-
wait() on the signal actions for the signals in set is unspecified.
If more than one thread is using sigwait() to wait for the same signal,
no more than one of these threads shall return from sigwait() with the
signal number. Which thread returns from sigwait() if more than a sin-
gle thread is waiting is unspecified.
Should any of the multiple pending signals in the range SIGRTMIN to
SIGRTMAX be selected, it shall be the lowest numbered one. The selec-
tion order between realtime and non-realtime signals, or between multi-
ple pending non-realtime signals, is unspecified.
Upon successful completion, sigwait() shall store the signal number of
the received signal at the location referenced by sig and return zero.
Otherwise, an error number shall be returned to indicate the error.
The sigwait() function may fail if:
EINVAL The set argument contains an invalid or unsupported signal num-
The following sections are informative.
To provide a convenient way for a thread to wait for a signal, this
volume of IEEE Std 1003.1-2001 provides the sigwait() function. For
most cases where a thread has to wait for a signal, the sigwait() func-
tion should be quite convenient, efficient, and adequate.
However, requests were made for a lower-level primitive than sigwait()
and for semaphores that could be used by threads. After some consider-
ation, threads were allowed to use semaphores and sem_post() was
defined to be async-signal and async-cancel-safe.
In summary, when it is necessary for code run in response to an asyn-
chronous signal to notify a thread, sigwait() should be used to handle
the signal. Alternatively, if the implementation provides semaphores,
they also can be used, either following sigwait() or from within a sig-
nal handling routine previously registered with sigaction().
Signal Concepts , Realtime Signals , pause() , pthread_sigmask() ,
sigaction() , sigpending() , sigsuspend() , sigwaitinfo() , the Base
Definitions volume of IEEE Std 1003.1-2001, <signal.h>, <time.h>
Portions of this text are reprinted and reproduced in electronic form
from IEEE Std 1003.1, 2003 Edition, Standard for Information Technology
-- Portable Operating System Interface (POSIX), The Open Group Base
Specifications Issue 6, Copyright (C) 2001-2003 by the Institute of
Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc and The Open Group. In the
event of any discrepancy between this version and the original IEEE and
The Open Group Standard, the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard
is the referee document. The original Standard can be obtained online
at http://www.opengroup.org/unix/online.html .
IEEE/The Open Group 2003 SIGWAIT(P)
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