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SETSID(2)		   Linux Programmer's Manual		     SETSID(2)


setsid - creates a session and sets the process group ID


#include <unistd.h> pid_t setsid(void);


setsid() creates a new session if the calling process is not a process group leader. The calling process is the leader of the new session, the process group leader of the new process group, and has no control- ling tty. The process group ID and session ID of the calling process are set to the PID of the calling process. The calling process will be the only process in this new process group and in this new session.


The session ID of the calling process.


On error, -1 is returned, and errno is set. The only error which can happen is EPERM. It is returned when the process group ID of any pro- cess equals the PID of the calling process. Thus, in particular, set- sid() fails if the calling process is already a process group leader.


A child created via fork(2) inherits its parent's session ID. The ses- sion ID is preserved across an execve(2). A process group leader is a process with process group ID equal to its PID. In order to be sure that setsid() will succeed, fork() and exit(), and have the child do setsid().


SVr4, POSIX.1-2001.


setpgid(2), setpgrp(2), tcgetsid(3) Linux 1.0.0 1994-08-27 SETSID(2)

1994 Man-cgi 1.15, Panagiotis Christias <>