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SCANDIR(3)		   Linux Programmer's Manual		    SCANDIR(3)


scandir, alphasort, versionsort - scan a directory for matching entries


#include <dirent.h> int scandir(const char *dir, struct dirent ***namelist, int(*filter)(const struct dirent *), int(*compar)(const struct dirent **, const struct dirent **)); int alphasort(const void *a, const void *b); int versionsort(const void *a, const void *b);


The scandir() function scans the directory dir, calling filter() on each directory entry. Entries for which filter() returns non-zero are stored in strings allocated via malloc(), sorted using qsort() with the comparison function compar(), and collected in array namelist which is allocated via malloc(). If filter is NULL, all entries are selected. The alphasort() and versionsort() functions can be used as the compari- son function compar(). The former sorts directory entries using strcoll(3) , the latter using strverscmp(3) on the strings (*a)->d_name and (*b)->d_name.


The scandir() function returns the number of directory entries selected or -1 if an error occurs. The alphasort() and versionsort() functions return an integer less than, equal to, or greater than zero if the first argument is consid- ered to be respectively less than, equal to, or greater than the sec- ond.


ENOMEM Insufficient memory to complete the operation.


None of these functions is in POSIX.1-2001, but alphasort() and scan- dir() are under consideration for a future revision to POSIX.1. The functions scandir() and alphasort() are from 4.3BSD, and have been available under Linux since libc4. Libc4 and libc5 use the more pre- cise prototype int alphasort(const struct dirent ** a, const struct dirent **b); but glibc 2.0 returns to the imprecise BSD prototype. The function versionsort() is a GNU extension, available since glibc 2.1. Since glibc 2.1, alphasort() calls strcoll(3); earlier it used strcmp(3) .


/* print files in current directory in reverse order */ #include <dirent.h> main(){ struct dirent **namelist; int n; n = scandir(".", &namelist, 0, alphasort); if (n < 0) perror("scandir"); else { while(n--) { printf("%s\n", namelist[n]->d_name); free(namelist[n]); } free(namelist); } }


closedir(3), fnmatch(3), opendir(3), readdir(3), rewinddir(3), seekdir(3), strcmp(3), strcoll(3), strverscmp(3), telldir(3) GNU 2001-12-26 SCANDIR(3)

1994 Man-cgi 1.15, Panagiotis Christias <>