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RPMATCH(3)							    RPMATCH(3)


rpmatch - determine if the answer to a question is affirmative or nega- tive


#define _SVID_SOURCE #include <stdlib.h> int rpmatch (const char *response);


rpmatch() handles a user response to yes or no questions, with support for internationalization. response should be a null-terminated string containing a user-supplied response, perhaps obtained with fgets(3) or getline(3). The user's language preference is taken into account per the environ- ment variables LANG, LC_MESSAGES, and LC_ALL, if the program has called setlocale() to effect their changes. Regardless of the locale, responses matching ^[Yy] are always accepted as affirmative, and those matching ^[Nn] are always accepted as nega- tive.


After examining response, rpmatch() returns 0 for a recognized negative response ("no"), 1 for a recognized positive response ("yes"), and -1 when the value of response is unrecognized.


A return value of -1 may indicate either an invalid input, or some other error. It is incorrect to only test if the return value is nonzero. rpmatch() can fail for any of the reasons that regcomp(3) or regexec(3) can fail; the cause of the error is not available from errno or any- where else, but indicates a failure of the regex engine (but this case is indistinguishable from that of an unrecognized value of response).


rpmatch() is not required by any standard, but is available on a few other systems.


The rpmatch() implementation looks at only the first character of response. As a consequence, "nyes" returns 0, and "ynever; not in a million years" returns 1. It would be preferable to accept input strings much more strictly, for example (using the extended regular expression notation described in regex(7)): ^([yY]|yes|YES)$ and ^([nN]|no|NO)$.


The following program displays the results when rpmatch() is applied to the string given in the program's command-line argument. #define _SVID_SOURCE #include <locale.h> #include <stdlib.h> #include <string.h> #include <stdio.h> int main(int argc, char *argv[]) { if (argc != 2 || strcmp(argv[1], "--help") == 0) { fprintf(stderr, "%s response\n", argv[0]); exit(EXIT_FAILURE); } setlocale(LC_ALL, ""); printf("rpmatch() returns: %d\n", rpmatch(argv[1])); exit(EXIT_SUCCESS); }


regcomp(3), fgets(3), getline(3), nl_langinfo(3), setlocale(3) GNU 2006-05-17 RPMATCH(3)

1994 Man-cgi 1.15, Panagiotis Christias <>