NOTE: click here if you get an empty page.


PERROR(3)		       Library functions		     PERROR(3)

NAME

perror - print a system error message

SYNOPSIS

#include <stdio.h> void perror(const char *s); #include <errno.h> const char *sys_errlist[]; int sys_nerr; int errno;

DESCRIPTION

The routine perror() produces a message on the standard error output, describing the last error encountered during a call to a system or library function. First (if s is not NULL and *s is not a null byte ('\0')) the argument string s is printed, followed by a colon and a blank. Then the message and a new-line. To be of most use, the argument string should include the name of the function that incurred the error. The error number is taken from the external variable errno, which is set when errors occur but not cleared when non-erroneous calls are made. The global error list sys_errlist[] indexed by errno can be used to obtain the error message without the newline. The largest message num- ber provided in the table is sys_nerr -1. Be careful when directly accessing this list because new error values may not have been added to sys_errlist[]. When a system call fails, it usually returns -1 and sets the variable errno to a value describing what went wrong. (These values can be found in <errno.h>.) Many library functions do likewise. The function per- ror() serves to translate this error code into human-readable form. Note that errno is undefined after a successful library call: this call may well change this variable, even though it succeeds, for example because it internally used some other library function that failed. Thus, if a failing call is not immediately followed by a call to per- ror(), the value of errno should be saved.

CONFORMING TO

The function perror() and the external errno (see errno(3)) conform to C89, 4.3BSD, POSIX.1-2001. The externals sys_nerr and sys_errlist con- form to BSD.

NOTE

The externals sys_nerr and sys_errlist are defined by glibc, but in <stdio.h>.

SEE ALSO

err(3), errno(3), error(3), strerror(3) 2001-12-14 PERROR(3)

1994 Man-cgi 1.15, Panagiotis Christias <christia@theseas.ntua.gr>